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College flews. 

Vol. r. No. 6. 


Price, 5 Cents. 

Intercollegiate Student Government 
Conference at Vassar. 

This conference meets each year, that 
the members can present its special prob- 
lems and receive help and inspiration. It 
has been a great inspiration to see a new 
college and how they do things there, but 
our foremost thought has been one of 
pride in our college and the advancement 
of Student Government above all the 

With the exception of Bryn Mawr, the 
systems of government have been compli- 
cated. In trivial points and details they 
have not the one big conception that we 
have. At the open meeting on Saturday 
morning. the presidents of Vassar, Swarth- 
more, Randolf-Macon, Simmons, Cornell. 
Bryn Mawr, Brown, Wells, Wilson and 
Wellesley Colleges reported on their Stu- 
dent Government Associations. 

In most of these colleges, chapel attend- 
ance is compulsory. They have monitors 
and proctors who take the role and keep 
the quiet, and a system of cuts. Friday 
evening, as we walked back from chapel, 
our hostess said, "You don't have compul- 
sory chapel at Wellesley." We proudly 
answered, "No." But how much prouder 
we would have been to have answered, 
"And our attendance is as large as yours 
and the chapel as quiet." We do not 
want monitors in the chapel, but the full 
attendance and the reverent silence made 
the service a very impressive one, and one 
that we could always have. Most of the 
colleges have a system of fines for mis- 
demeanors or carelessness. For example, 
a failure to register costs a dollar at Bryn 
Mawr. To me that takes away from the 
dominating spirit of real self-government. 
At Wellesley we are proud of having no 
fines but in their place we should show the 
thoughtfulness that we boast of. The 
colleges, most of them, not Vassar or 
Bryn Mawr, have the old ten-o'clock rule. 
They say in defense of it that their Fresh- 
men are not ready for such liberties, that 
they have just come from boarding school, 
and so the whole college suffers. At 
Wellesley we have been having reports 
of the Freshmen abusing this privilege- 
I had intended to report it at this meeting 
but refrained from pride, for our Fresh- 
men are ready to be college^ women. 
Most of them also have a so-called honor 
system for examinations. It is a com- 
plicated arrangement by which you sign 
a pledge at the end of your examination _ 
have monitors and report your neigh obr if 
you see her cheating. This is considered 
a great advancement. Their system 

seems to me at fault, but the idea of honor 
examinations we must admire. 

In some of the constitutions we could 
trace the influence of our own, some parts 
taken direct and others taken as sug- 
gestions and worked out. The delegates 
have shown a great interest in our Asso- 
ciation and, in cases where they have the 
"village problem," have asked us for our 
minutest details and considered it a great 
help. Vassar, especially, has shown 
Wellesley every consideration. The one 
great problem in Student Government 
that everyone felt strongest is to make 
every girl feel the responsibility that the 
officers feel. A government by the offi- 
cers is not self-government. We are not 
exempt from the danger, but considering 
our number, which is greater than any 
other, and the fact that our whole Fresh- 
man class lives in the village, we can be 

Vassar College has given the delegates 
a welcome that our college can acknowl- 
edge with appreciation, and Wellesley 
can be proud that, in the bigness of its 
spirit, it is leading in Student Govern- 
ment. Betsey Coe Baird. 


The Freshmen were entertained by a 
realistic circus at College Hall, starting 
with a parade which, headed by the neatly 
costumed band, marched from the li- 
brary down around center and then to the 
scene of the performance in the big dining- 
room. Here was a real saw-dust ring 
around which the Freshmen and other 
children sat. and where five or six very 
clever and merry clowns played. Some of 
the feats performed were truly wonderful. 
There was the great magician; the tame 
cow and his fairy-like attendant; the tiger, 
quite terrifying but perfectly under the 
control of his " most beautiful" lady; the 
graceful dancer and brave little tight-rope 
walker; the successful elephant trainer 
and his two good-humored beasts. Xext 
appeared a set of performers called the 
"Pro-nated Ankle Band," who did their 
pitiful best at "gym stunts." The clowns 
then brought on a lovely big doll. who. 
when wound up proved to be a very 
limber and graceful creature. The merry 
circus crowd next went to look at the 
side-shows, which included such world- 
famed freaks as the "Bearded Lady." 
"the Human Pincushion," the "Daunt- 
less Snake Charmer," and the "Tatooed 
Woman." The leader of the band very 
kindly consented to have^his musicians 

play for a few dances, after which the 
Freshmen were all put through "Har- 
riet" and then tired but happy went home 
munching real circus peanuts and apples. 

The members of 191 1 living at Webb 
House, Mrs. Nickerson's Mrs. Hicks and 
Dr. Bancroft's, were entertained at 
Wood. A play, "The Cool Collegians" 
was given downstairs in the dining-room. 
This Wood-be Theatre was decorated with 
autumn leaves, grinning Jack-o'lanterns, 
gruesome skulls (property of 19 10) and 
huge red apples. The spirit of Hallow e'en 
was especially well brought out in the 
Cheshire-like Jack-o 'lantern smiling from 
the leaves which filled the fireplace and 
the ghosts which drew the sheet-curtains 
at 8 o'clock upon the following cast of 
cool and collected collegians: 

Harry Meredith Marie Kasten, 1910 

Fred Parks Francena Noyes, 1908 

Mrs. Huntoon Catherine Paul, 1908 

Fanny Morrison Alene Arnold, 1909 

Molly Wainwright. . . .Helen Bulkley, 1910 

Muggins Minnetta Downes, 19 10 

Katy Sara Pinkham. 1909 

Act 1. Student's room at Harvard. 

Act II. Living room at Mrs. Huntoon's 

After a most successful presentation of 
the play, actors and audience enjoyed 
refreshments of lemonade, pop-corn, 
apples and candy, and with many cheers, 
191 1 departed for the village amid cordial 
invitations to "come again." 

On Monday night, Norumbega's guests 
were greeted with ghost-processions, 
through darkness lighted only by candles 
flickering in skulls. The ghosts finally 
ushered them into the auditorium where 
they were to enjoy a most varied and 
amusing vaudeville. The entertainment 
opened with several selections by Miss 
Carrie Rimeby's Frivolette Orchestra, 
including solos, tuning up, and all the 
delights of a well-regulated orchestra. 
This was followed by a series of remark- 
able "stunts" by Mile. Leonora Pelita and 
her understudy. The freshmen were then 
introduced to the famous Norumbega 
Menagerie, some members of which, we 
grieve to state, displaved rather belligerent 
dispositions. Then Mr. and Mrs. George 
Colossus Rhodes both entertained and 
elevated the audience bv the touching 
spectacle of their dove-like domesticity, 
and by a charming little song and dance. 
For this one evening, the audience was 
informed, Miss Stubson, the highly 
talented impersonator, who had lately 
retired from the stage, would emerge from 
her nunlike retirement, and she did. to the 
delight of the privileged few. The Lovely 
Legski Ladies next presented their charm- 
ing ballet and exquisite symphony of grace 
and color. The entertainment closed with 
a dramatic and highly spirited representa- 
tion of the ballad of young Lochinvar, and 
after dancing and refreshments the guests 
went home. 

(Concluded on Page 4.) 


College iRews. 

Press of N. a. Lindsey 4 Co., Boston. 

Published weekly. Subscription price, $1.00 a 
year to resident and non-resident. 

All business correspondence should be addressed to 
Miss Alice Farrar, Business Manager College News. 

All subscriptions should be sent to Miss Emma 

Editor-in-Chief, Agnes E. Rothery, 1909 

Associate Editor, Bessie Eskey. 1909 

Literary Editors. 

Marion E. Markley, 1909 Mary Lewis, 1909 

Emma L. Hawkridge. 

Aldmn.b Editor, 

Caroline Fletcher. 

Managing Editors. 

Emma McCarroll, 1908 Anna Brown, 1909 

Alice Farrar. 


Taylor Block, Wellesley, Mass. 

Office Hours, 9-5 Telephone Connection 

"Entered as second class matter, November 12, 
1903, at. the Post Office, at Wellesley, Mass., under 
the Act of Congress, March 3, 1879." 

" PUSH." 

"Once upon a time" a public speaker 

was unexpectedly called upon to address a 
body of Yale students. The man was 
taken a bit unawares, but, trusting to fate 
and his own quick wit, rose and said, "My 
young friends, you all wish to be fair ) 
successful men. You wish, or at least I 
hope you wish, not to wander aimlessly 
through life, but at the end to leave behind 
you a record of deeds, to feel that you have 
really lived, and lived to some purpose. 
There is but one way by which you can 
accomplish great things; and, as I entered 
this hall to-night, I saw upon the door 
what seemed to me a fitting motto for 
every man among you. If you are to ' get 
there' in this world it must be by—" 
here the students shouted with one accord 
"Pull!" The speaker had seen only one 
side of the door! 

There is always more than one side to 
this "Push" question, though "Pull" 
is not always the only alternative. There 
is a time to push and a time not to push. 
Even if one's only object is to "get there," 
push is not always the best nor even the 
easiest way, as any person who thought of 
the matter at all might have decided at 
our first Harnswallows. We admit that 
the Barn is inadequate, but with a little 
more consideration and courtesy and a 
little less push, some of the difficult 
problems of the place, e. g., how to get 
seats, how to get wraps, and how to get out. 

would be greatly simplified. Truly, to 
the person who saw defenseless faculty 
jostled about by a crowd of athletic girls 
in the rear, while a dozen or more lusty 
lower classmen occupied the faculty seats; 
who was fairly smothered in the rush for 
wraps, and was finally forced, inch by 
inch, out through the door; to such a 
person "Push" seems hardly the motto 
suited to our present needs. It is all 
well and good to be energetic, but let 
us not allow our courtesy to be swamped 
in our excessive energy. Let us not allow 
it to be said of us at another of our Barn- 
swallows, that we complacently kept our 
seats, while older persons, faculty and 
guests remained standing in the rear. 

All this push, besides being discourteous 
is unpractical, and adds to our own per- 
sonal inconvenience, as well as to the dis- 
comfort of others. Let us leave behind us 
as soon as possible this relie of the bar- 
barity of the Dark Ages, and make this 
mad pushing a matter of ancient history 
here at Wellesley. 

For Members of the Social Study 

The Social Study Circle now has a table 
in the ■ Newspaper Room. Everyone is 
welcome to use the books and to take them 
away after registering in the note-book 
provided for that purpose. 

The following books and magazines have 
been placed on the table: 

i. "The Disciple of a Saint," Vida D. 

2. "The Saint," Fogazzaro. 

3. "Dreams," O. Schreiner. 

4. "Newer Ideals 'of Peace," Jane Ad- 

5. "The Immigrant Jew in America." 

6 "The Future in America," H. G. 

7 "Aliens or Americans?" Grose. 

8 "The Labor Movement in America," 

9. "The Southern Mountaineers," Wil- 

10. "The Captive City of God," Heath- 


Summer St. 

Our Novelties in 


Ap peal to People of Refined Tastes 




11. "The Practice of Charity," Devine 

12. "Poverty," Hunter. 

13. "How to Help," Conyngton. 

14. "Our People of Foreign Speech," 


Child Labor Legislation. 
Report of National Consumers' League. 
Year Book, N. Y. School of Philan- 


Two sizes, Gray silver and Rose gold, 
Si. 35, Si. 50, S2.00 and $2.50. 

Silk fobs to match. 


Glasses made to order and repaired. 

If you haven't prescription, send glasses. 
We duplicate broken lenses promptly. 
Copy formula, and place on file for future 

Mail orders promptly filled. 

Two Miles from ollege. 


Copy for College News should be in 
the hands of the editors by Friday noon of 
each week. It is desirable that all com- 
munications be written in ink, rather 
than in pencil, and on one side of the sheet 
only. The departments are in charge of 
the following editors: 

General Correspondence, Agnes E. Rothery 
College Notes 1 fi . „ , . 

College Calendar/ Kessie ^ skey 

Society Notes ] 

Music Notes [■ Marion E. Markley 

Art Notes J 
Free Press ^ 

Notes on Organized Sports >■ Mary Lewis 
Library Notes J 

Parliament of Fools') „ . T „ 1 -j 

Exchanges } Emma L ' Hawkridge 

Alumnae Notes, Miss Fletcher 

Executive Board of Wellesley Stu= 
dent Government Association. 

President, Betsy Baird. 
Vice-president, Ellen Cope. 
Vice-president, .Estelle Littlefield. 
Secretary, Mary Zabriskie. 
Treasurer, Ruth Hanford. 
-1909 Member, Amy- Brown. 
1910 Member,- Miriam Loder. 

Jewelers and Opticians, Natick, Mass. 

Esisb. 1868 L. E. COLE, Mgr. 



Every Pair 



If year Dealer does not sell you this 
Supporter he does not sell (he Best 

Every Clasp has the nama 
Stamped on the Metal Loop' 

OEORGE FROST CO., Makers, Boston, Mass. 



Thursday, November 7, 7.30 P.M. College Hall Chapel. Re- 
port of the Silver Bay Delegation. 
Friday, November 8, 2.15 P.M., College Hall Chapel. Meeting 

of the Association of Collegiate Alumnae. 

8 P.M., Billings Hall, meeting of the Philosophy Club. 
Saturday, November 9, 7.30 P.M., the Barn. Harvest Dance. 
Sunday, November 10, 11 A.M., services in Houghton Memorial 

Chapel. Speaker, President James G. K. McClure of Mc- 

Cormick Theological Seminary, Chicago. 

7 P.M., vespers. Special music. 
Monday, November 11. Field Day. 

7 .30 P .M. College Hall Chapel . Mr . Helm Clayton's Lecture . 


The opening of the new laboratory room for work with the 
living plant in the soil, was made the occasion of a small and very 
informal reception to Professor S. M. Hallo well, the first Pro- 
fessor of Botany of the college. About the laboratory table, 
which was set for a dainty luncheon, met as the guests of Pro- 
fessor Ferguson and other members of the present department, 
Miss Hallowell, Mrs. Durant, Miss Hazard and various repre- 
sentatives of the botany classes of earlier days. In her address 
of welcome, Professor Ferguson alluded to Professor Hallowell's 
work as that of planting a tree, whose roots were laid deep and 
strong, whose trunk rose firm ami permanent, and whose branches 
symmetrical and beautiful, were extending themselves full 
of vital energy and fulfilling the law of their origin. In token of 
unfailing affection and high appreciation from both the former 
and the present Department of Botany, she asked Miss Hallow- 
ell to accept two beautiful bunches of violets. On the work- 
ing tables which are placed on all sides of this light and 
attractive working room were sheets from a gift of seventeen 
hundred paintings of native plants, the work of Helen 
Frances Ayres of Medford, Mass., in accordance with whose 
wishes these paintings are now presented to the college. 

The November meeting of the Board of Trustees of the col- 
lege will be held in the Boston office, on Friday morning, No- 
vember 8. 

Professor Whiting and Miss Elizabeth Whiting will be happy 
to welcome callers at Observatory House, Saturday afternoons 
(after 4.30) and evenings until the holidays. 

Students planning to study medicine will be interested in a 
circular letter published on pages 460-461 of the number of 
Science, dated October 11, 1907. The letter is sent out by a 
committee of the American Medical Association, and contains 
an outline of the minimum amount of work in science and mod- 
ern language desirable as preparation for a medical course. 
Science is kept on the table in the general library; a second 
copy may be found in the zoological laboratory on the fourth floor. 

The Chicago Wellesley Club opens its new year with one 
hundred and fifty members pledged to its support in furthering 
the interest of Wellesley. The sectional meetings are to be con- 
tinued this year, being held every month in the three parts of the 
city, with the two general meetings in December and Mav. 

The club is looking forward to Miss Hazard's promised visit 
in November with much interest and pleasure. 

Any Wellesley woman residing in Chicago for the present 
year, or any one visiting in the city, is cordially invited to write 
the secretary who will notify her of club meetings. 

The officers for 1907-08 are: 

President Alice McLennan, '06 

( Susan Hosford Harper, '82 

Vice-presidents -j Annie Peaks Kenny, '94 

I Katharine Jones Rew, '99 

Secretary Bonnie Abbott, '06, 109 Sacramento Boul. 

Treasurer Laura A. Welch, '05 



97, 99 and IOI Faneuil Hall Market. 


38 and 40 Faneuil Hall MarKet, 

Telephone 933 Richmond. hotel supplies a specialty 

Preferred Stock High Grade Coffee 

Always Uniform and Delicious in Flavor. 


The college receives from President Gulliver of Rockford 
College, Rockford, 111 , copies of an attractive Christmas stamp, 
the proceeds from the sale of which arc to go toward the en- 
dowment fund that Rockford is trying to raise. Syrena H. 
Stackpole, 24 Freeman Cottage, is the local agent for the sale of 
these stamps. It is hoped that many will be actively interested 
in a plan of so much importance to a college with which Welles- 
ley has many valued associations. 

Mr. H. Helm Clayton will lecture in College Hall Chapel, 
Monday evening, November n, at. 7.^0 with lantern illustra- 
tions. Subject: "Trip from St. Louis to New. Jersey in a Balloon 
and the Probable Future of Air Navigation." Mr. Clayton was 
in the winning balloon in the recent aerial race. 

A Wellesley student with a sympathetic contralto voice will 
be glad to sing or read to invalids or elderly shut-ins, in or about 
Boston. Terms reasonable. Address H., care of College 
News, Wellesley, Mass. 


The Thursday-evening meeting of the Christian Association 
this week will be the Silver Bay meeting. Reports will be 
given of the conference and of the various sides of life and work 
during the two weeks when the college Christian Associations 
from all over the country meet together. Those girls who were 
at Silver Bay last June, bring with them the enthusiasm and in- 
spiration gained at the conference, and it will do every one of 
us good to hear them. Let us make it a large and enthusiastic 


A meeting of the Missionary Institute for thirty churches in 
and around Boston was held in the Phillips Congregational 
Church, in the afternoon and evening of October 29, 1907. 

The subject for the evening was "Young People and Mis- 
sions," and there were speakers from several colleges, including 
our own. 

From Wellesley the speakers were Dorothy Fuller, Frances 
Taft, Grace Kilbourne. From RadclirYe, Lucia Witherby, 1907. 
From Harvard, Ralph Harlow, 1908. 


Outfitters for Young Women 


a great many of which are manufactured by us on the premises, are now ready for inspection and are 
Especially Adapted for Street and College Wear. 

202 to 216 BOYLSTON STREET. 



In Our Ladies' Rcady-to-Wear Department. 

Madras, Cheviot, Silk and Lingerie, from $3.50 


LADIES' GLOVES, Fownes' Make, Heavy Hand-Sown, $1.50 
Chamois, Gray Suede and Ian, from 1.75 

Steamer Rugs, White Rubber Coats and English Ulsters. 

Kimonos and Lounging Wraps, from $3.75 

-a Washington and 

■&/3?7r$. Summer Street.. 

; ' Boston. U.S.A. 

(Continued from Page i.) 



Fiske entertained Simpson and the Freshmen at Mrs. Rear- 
don's by a farmer festival. Gliding ghosts led coy milk-maids 
and strapping farm-hands to the dining room. After a typical 
Hallowe'en supper the guests visited weird witches and fortune- 
tellers. A ghostly skeleton gleamed out from the darkness and 
other painful Hallowe'en experiences met one at each turn. 
The guests faithfully tried each charm and at last, hopeful for 
the future, turned to the more frivolous things. The evening's 
fun ended with dancing. 


Wilder entertained its guests, Monday evening, with a genuine 
Hallowe'en party. There were mystic ghosts, dimly-lighted 
halls, corn stalks, autumn leaves, pumpkin moonshines, a be- 
wildering cobweb to untangle, and then nuts to crack, in a "pot 
of gold" at the end of the magic thread — all this, while the 
guests were assembling. When the halls had been explored, and 
the web undone, there was a pantomime — a melancholy trag- 
edy of love — given in the drawing room, followed by cider, 
doughnuts and candv in the big alcove upstairs. 

A German was the particular form of Hallowe'en gaiety as- 
sumed by Pomeroy for the entertainment of her Abbott-street 
guests, and the large reception room with its decorations of 
cornstalks and Jack-o'-lanterns was the scene of most unusual 
festivity. The six figures of the dance were truly successful, 
thanks to the inspiring orchestra; and the slight risk incurred in 
the generous shower of apples from the region near the ceiling 
only added to the enjoyment. When at last the girls, with 
faces bright with smiles and confetti, had left the dancing, and 
had given a warm if transient welcome to the time-honored 
Hallowe'en refreshments, one and all regretted that the party 
had to break up with the sound of the fateful bell. 

Last Monday evening the Xoanett girls were entertained at 
Cazenove with a country dance. Signs were posted on the 
stairway to point out the direction to Huckleberry Hall, where 
the "bawl'' was to be given. The hall itself was a typical 
Hallowe'en picture, with its dull red leaves and glowing pump- 
kins. The two alcoves were fitted up as cosy corners, and 
labeled the "courtin' corner" and the "spoonin' corner," but 
the latter was occupied the entire evening by the chaperones. 
The Cazenove girls with overalls, huge farmers' hats and sun- 
burned faces made admirable country swains, while the Xoanett 
girls were pretty country maidens — of various nationalities, be 
it said. The queer costumes created no end of amusement, 
introductions to Pie, Hezzie and Ichabod lasting throughout the 
evening, and the Cazenove girls were often flattered by being 
told, "Why, you know, I can't believe I'm not dancing with a 
real man." 


515 Pierce Building. Copley Square, Boston, Mondays, Tuesdays and Fridays, 9 to 5. 

Colored Photographs of the College on sale at the College Bookstore. 

Wigs, Beards, Etc., to Hire for Amateur,Theatricals and all Stage 
Productions. Grease Paints, Powders, Burnt Cork, Rouges, Etc. 




Theatrical and Y\/j(re 

226 Tremont Street, Boston, 

Between Eliot and LaGrange Sts. 

Opp. Majestic Theater 

Hair Work of Every Description. 
Special Attention Given to Order Work. 


Copley Square, Boston 

Three minutes' walk from Trinity Place and Huntington 
Avenue Stations of the B. & A. R.R. 

Electric Cars pass its doors going to all Railroad Sta- 
tions, Steamboat Wharves, Theatres and the shop- 
ing district. 
European Plan. Cuisine of the best. 



Where witches fly high, on broom-sticks, where black cats 
patrol lonely highways, where Bluebeard keeps his store of 
wives, through dens of wild animals, and vaults of the dead, 
where shades forever mourn, and howling demons taunt and 
beckon, and prod with the forks of their long red tails, Stone 
Hall led its Freshmen guests. 

Out of the plays of Shakespeare these escaped 

Romeo Genevieve Jacoby 

Laucelot Gobbo Marguerite Macintosh 

Lady Macbeth Julia Locke 

Ophelia Maude Frantz 

f Florence Koch 

Three Witches < Anne Newton 

(. Beulah Bowen 
to play in "The Shakespeare Wooing." 

In "Midsummer Xight's Dream" fashion, there was a criss- 
cross love affair, brewed partly in the witches' cauldron, but it 
untangled itself, and the company, after a long laugh, betook it- 
self to New England cider, doughnuts and candy. Dancing fol- 
lowed and the party broke up w*th a warm cheer for Stone Hall 
and Miss Lyman. 


Hallowe'en festivities at Freeman took the form of dramatics. 
A comedy of one act but much action, entitled "The First House 
to the Left," written by Caroline Klingensmith, was given. It 
proved a great success, judging from the number of curtain 
calls. After the play there were dances and refreshments 
amid the effective scenery of autumn leaves and gleaming 
skulls and Jack-o'-lanterns. 


The spirits of Hallowe'en surely hovered about "The Eliot" 
on Monday night, inspiring the Eliot girls and their many guests 
to seek their fortunes in the magic waters, the enchanted dime, 
the miniature ships, and, best of all, at the feet of the charming 
fortune-teller, "Zamazella." Moved by these same spirits, 
courageous and timid alike were impelled to visit the "Chamber 
of Horrors," at the entrance of which stood a ghostly apparition 
which extended to them a cold and clammy hand. Silently 
their ghostly guide led them to the gloomy recesses of the dun- 
geon, where the weird blue light from the cauldron of an evil- 
looking witch shone upon the pale faces of Bluebeard's wives, 
suspended by their long, black hair, and the severed head of 
Queen Mary, resting upon the blood-stained block, beside which 
stood her departed spirit. 

Yet from these ghastly, perturbing scenes, it was only a short 
distance back to the bowers where "Bobbing for apples," "Tri- 
als of Athletic Skill," "The Search for the Ring," caused in- 
finite amusement, and where an abundance of good things to 
eat tempted the Eliot-ites and their guests to feast until the 
merry evening was over. 



JTo all who heard either of Professor Clemens' lectures on 
Modern German £Art, there is no need Jto say that he was 
amongitheimost interesting, eloquent and instructive^speakers 
whom we havediad^the^privilege of hearing here^at Wellesley. 
If any attended his first lecture because it was^required in some 
Art or German course, I am sure they were glad, as I was, that it 
was the first lecture they had chosen, so that they had the sec- 
ond one still to look forward to. I saw several girls around me 
supplied with books, evidently intending not to waste their pre- 
cious minutes listening to a foreign language which they could 
not understand ; but I was interested in noticing that the books 
either were ii?ver opened, or else were quickly closed! Their 
attention was dimply impelled by the vigor, earnestness, and en- 
thusiasm of Professor Clemens' words. The clearness of his 
enunciation made it difficult not to understand him, and the 
convincingness of his tones impressed his thoughts on our minds, 
opening a new sphere of thought to many of us; so that we might 
apply to ourselves in this particular case what he said about ed- 
ucation in general, — that it is that which remains in our minds 
after we have forgotten all that we ever learned. 

But for the benefit of any who could not understand the Ger- 
man, a brief summary of this first lecture might be welcome. 

We cannot judge German art until we have a standard by 
which to judge it; that standard must be its ideal, — what it 
wishes to do and be. German art is not well known or under- 
stood, — not nearly as well as French art is, though the latter is 
often inferior. Still the art of one place gives an idea of the art 
of the time, — the universal artistic culture and aims of the pe- 
riod. What German art wants to be is something more than a 
mere ornament to mental life, — more than l'art pour 1'art, — 
more even than something to please the eye: it wants to be the 
expression of the deepest struggles and interests and longings 
of the individual and of the nation. 

There are no fixed eternal laws of art ; the only law it knows 
is that of development ; — the artist gives expression to what- 
ever has worked itself into him and become part of his being. 
So realism and idealism do not follow one after the other. — they 
go hand in hand. They may be called respectively the lines of 
truth and of beauty. The latter is the subject of this lecture, 
and may be best shown by illustrations from the works of some 
of Germany's best known artists, — Bocklin, Thoma and Hoff- 

Bocklin is best known as a landscape painter, and, indeed, the 
best part of his work is in this line; he is probably the deepest 
interpreter of nature and her struggles. She is alive to him, 
so he fills his landscapes with nymphs, centaurs, and other im- 
personations of the elements. His idealization of nature works 
along these lines, — giving his personal impressions of nature, 
rather than portraits of nature as she really is. His predeces- 
sors had idealized her by adding to their landscapes numerous 
details caught from the beauties of other places; but Bocklin's 
pictures are characterized rather by a rigid simplicity, as if he 
had left out unimportant details in order to expend all his ener- 
gy on the fundamentals, in accordance with his own principle, 
that "composing is a continued leaving off." The result is a 
strength and magic charm which give a fascinating impression of 
majesty and even awe. 

Hans Thoma is also a landscape painter, but forms the great- 
est possible contrast to Bocklin. His greatest longing seems to 
be to give an expression to the feeling of peace and rest which 
classic art has always held up as an ideal. As far as Bocklin had 
any model at all, it was a mental image of the rough and en- 
livened seas and mountains of Italy. Thoma, on the other hand, 
paints the quiet domestic country of Germany, so that we find 
pastures with shepherds reclining under the trees watching 
their flocks. But the individuality of his pictures is partic- 
ularly suited to give us the impression of rest which he tries to 

Ludwig von Hoffman, with his fanciful imagination, has tried 
to create for us an incarnate dreamland, and probably few have 
conceived of a dreamland so happy, peaceful and noble, as he 
has given us. It is pervaded with a spirit of care-free optimism, 
and overflowing with a "kensche Heiterkeit." 

The study and appreciation of beauty in paintings such as 
these men have given us. or in nature herself, carry us into a new 
world, from which no one can drive us out, though they may not 
care to enter themselves. The American girl has a wonderful 
opportunity of entering this world. — especially here at Welles- 
ley, where nature has exerted herself to show us her greatest 

A Complete Line of 

Wallace Nutting's and Higgin's Nature Prints. 

MELVIN W. KENNEY, The Picture Shop, 

65 Bromfield Street, Boston. 

A Wellesley Print=Shop ^V, 

particular printing, promptly done at reasonable prices, call at the 
most convenient place, where modern equipment and expert work- 


antee sat- 
isfaction. Wellesley Square. 



Young Ladies' Hats for every occasion. 

Exclusive in design, moderate in price. 

383 Washington Street, Boston. 

Wednesday afternoon in College Hall Chapel, Professor Paul 
Clemens delivered his second lecture on " Contemporary German 
Art." treating especially civic memorial monuments. 

The progress of civic art of this type has been surprising dur- 
ing the past fifteen years; more memorials of famous citizens 
have been erected both in Europe and in America in this time 
than in the rest of the century. The reason for this interest is 
the growing wealth of cities and their increasing pride in their 
great men. 

The educative influence of such monuments placed where they 
are constantly seen by the public is inestimable. Yet manv 
of them fail in effectiveness because of inappropriate setting or 
inartistic treatment. The French have perhaps reached the 
highest point of development in this particular branch of art, 
being especially successful in their choice of sites for their monu- 

German civic art has in late years made rapid progress, due to 
the work of Hildebrand, Bocklin and Volkmann, who have un- 
derstood the value of careful selection of the position their 
monuments are to occupy, and the true character of plastic 
art. its concentration, simplicity and repose. 

In commemorative work, where the figure of the hero is to 
occupy the position of importance, it is necessary that the art- 
ist consider not only the details but the general effect of his 
work. The meaning of the position of the body should be so 
clear as to need no explanation, and it must, moreover, be of the 
same in general appearance from whatever angle it is viewed. 
Therefore simplicity is essential. The end and aim of plastic, 
and therefore of civic monumental art is to convey the feeling of 
repose; and hence violent motion or extravagance of feeling of 
any kind is unsuitable to productions of this type. In general, 
allegorical figures detract from the clearness and unit}- of a 
monument, and are to be avoided. In draperies and accessories, 
multiplicity of detail causes confusion and renders the work less 
effective. Concentration of interest is imperative. To all these 
principles, the German artists of the present day are paying in- 
creasing attention, and their works can be studied in detail as an 
embodiment of the best that is being produced in their especial 

As to the moral effect of his productions, the artist need not 
trouble himself. All great art is essentially moral, and civic art 
attains its end. if we can learn from it that man holds in himself 
the power to do all things, and that in ourselves is the fullest 
expression of life. 


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1 1 Summer Street, Boston 

near Washington 

)qW MEYS Chocolates 

RETAIL STORE, 416 Washington Street 




Made and Repaired. 

Pocket Books & Fancy Leather Goods 

657 Atlantic Ave.. 

Opp. South Station. 

John A. Morgan & Co. 

Shattuck Building, 



Scalp Treatment a Specialty. 

Shampooing, Waving. Singeing and (lipping. 

Electrical face. Scalp and Need Massage, 
Complexion Steaming. 


"The Norman," Wellesley Square. 



Office, 555 Washington Street— Tel. 44-2. 

Conservatories, 103 linden Street— Tel. 44-1. 

Orders by Mail or Otherwise are 

Given Prompt Attention. 

J. TAILBY & SON, Proprietors, 




Shampooing, facial Treatment, 

Scalp Treatment, Manicuring, 

Hair Dressing, Chiropody. 


Miss Ruth flodgkins, Manager. 

Mrs. Mabel Abbott. Miss Anderson, Assistant. 


Boarding and Livery 



M. G. SHAW, 

Watchmaker and Optician, 

Agent for the Provident Life 

and Trust Co. 
Wellesley, • .Mass. 

Utopian Chocolates, 
Souvenir Cards, 

Waterman Pens, 

Sexton's Pharmacy, 




During these weeks when canvassers are going about in the 
interests of College Settlements, Christian Association and its 
various departments, every girl is being called upon for a share 
in the work of these institutions. In some cases a girl is, of 
course, perfectly conscientious in refusing her time or her money 
for a worthy cause. But would it not be well, not to mention 
polite, for her to explain her reasons for refusal in a dignified 
manner to a canvasser? It is not only the new girls on the 
campus, but upper-classmen, too, who have shown a spirit far 
from courteous in receiving visits such as these. Can we not 
remember that it is much harder for the girl who is working for 
her institution in a spirit of true interest to be "turned down," 
than for the one who is doing the turning, and endeavor to make 
it less evident that at Wellesley a course in courtesy is more 
needed than innumerable Bible classes? 1908. 


The question has been asked in all earnestness by many who 
are closely watching the college girls if there is not a growing 
tendency among us, if college girls — more especially the lower- 
class girls — do not try to appear more interested, more fond and 
more impressed than circumstances warrant. Since this ques- 
tion has been asked, it behooves us to ask ourselves if the 
charge is wholly an unjust one. Is it possible that we are, as a 
class, given to flattery, to undue expressions of admiration and 
to exaggeratives of our natural impulses in order that we may 
curry favor with some member of the faculty, some upper-class 
girl or perhaps some social circle which we fain would enter? 
If this is in any sense true, if there is a growing tendency on the 
part of the college girl to be unnatural, insincere or hypocritical, 
for the purpose of gaining some hoped-for appreciation or recog- 
nition, is it not high time that we practice a little self-examina- 
tion, pull ourselves together and act out our own natural selves. 

There are ten chances to one that the artificiality we practice 
is recognized and counted against us; and that our own honest, 
if not at all times harmonious, selves with all their mistakes and 
shortcomings, would bring down upon us far less criticism than 
may be ours at present? "Oh, may some Power the gil'tie 
gie us," sang the poet. Certainly it is true that some of us 
would be shocked if we knew how many sweet and lovely girls 
are laying aside a charming simplicity of manner for something 
far more labored but less attractive. J 909. 


We are all very proud of our beautiful chapel services, and 
glad to take our friends to them in consequence; but aren't we 
generally a little annoyed when we try to come out of the 
chapel, to find a perfect blockade of eager people anxiously 
searching for their dinner guests at the foot of the upper flight of 
steps? We usually remark upon the inconvenience, and imme- 
diately take up our place and become one of the blockaders, 
when we naturally forget the discomfort which a moment be- 
fore seemed so obvious. 

Couldn't we just as easily take up our positions at the foot of 
the lower flight of steps on either side of the path, thus leaving 
free egress from the doors, and enabling people to make use of 
the paths, instead of being compelled to make their way around 
a knot of girls standing directly in the middle of the walk. 

If we could once establish the custom of fixing the first land- 
ing instead of the second as our place of rendezvous, we would 
remove all cause for annoyance and present a much better ap- 


Curlylocks, Curlylocks, wilt thou be mine? 
I've been invited to-night out to dine. 
Shalt thou be simple and girlish and sweet, 
Parted and rippling? If that is not meet, 
Thou shalt be pompadoured heightened by puffs, 
Something to look w-ell with princesse and fluffs. 
I've been invited to-night out to dine. 
Curlylocks, Curlylocks, wilt thou be mine? 

The Walnut Hill School, 

Natick, Mass. 
A College Preparatory School for Girls 

Miss Conant and Miss Bigelow, 


20 North Ave., Natick, 

High Grade Portraits 

Connected by Telephone. 

Pianos for Rent. 

SPECIALTY: A small piano with 
a big tone. This piano is used 
extensively by Yale students. 


Clark's Block, - - Natick 


Daily Papers, Periodicals, 
Stationery, Etc. 

Montague Block, Wellesley Sq. 

The Wellesley Grocery Co. 

Montague Block, 


Butter, Cheese and Eggs, 

2 and 4 New faneuil Hall Market, 



33 Fulton Street, Cor. Cross, 


Telephone, 207 Richmond. 


COOK'S Restaurant 


Next to Colonial Theater 

Matinee Lunches? 

The Intercollegiate Bureau of Academic Costume. 


Maktrs of the 

Caps, Gowns and Hoods 

to Wellesley, Radcliffe, Mount Holyoke, Bryn 
Mawr, Barnard, Woman's College of Baltimore, 
Harvard, Tale, Princeton, Cornell, Univ. of Pa., Dartmouth, Brown, 
Williams, Amherst, Colorado College, Stanford and the others. 


Illustrated bulletin and samples on request. 


The annual fall meeting of the College Settlements Association 
was held in Boston, October 26, at the Denison House. The 
president, Mrs. Thayer, presided and representatives from 
Smith, Mt. Holyoke, Bryn Mawr, Vassar, Swathmore', Barnard, 
Radcliffe and Wellesley, answered to the roll-call. The reports 
for the year 1906-07 from the different undergraduate and 
alumnae chapters were read by the secretary, as were the re- 
ports of the Treasurer, Fellowships Extension Committee and 
the Standing Committee. The Treasurer's report showed a 
slight increase over last year: and Miss Goldmark, the chairman 
of the Fellowship Committee, presented an outline for awarding 
the fellowships, by advocating more definite work in training 
settlement workers, instead of laying stress on investigating 
of conditions, as has been done for the past few years. The 
most important recommendation of the standing committee was 
the proposition of having a travelling secretary who should 
visit the different chapters to aid the electors in the organization 
of their work, make addresses and in general be accessible for 
information in regard to the association. After careful consider- 
ation it was decided to appoint such a secretary for this year. 
After luncheon the alumna? and undergraduate electors retired 
with Mrs. Thayer and Miss Scudder, to discuss problems par- 
ticularly important to them, spending- most of the time in dis- 
cussion of the plan presented by Wellesley for a one year term of 
office for the undergraduate elector. Nothing could be done at 
this meeting in regard to this question as it entails an amend- 
ment to the constitution, which could not be done till next May. 
The afternoon meeting was thrown open to a few friends of the 
association, and everyone listened with interest to the enthusi- 
astic reports of the head workers of the settlement houses. 
Miss Williams told us among other things, about the new gym- 
nasium of the New York house : Miss Dudley traced the growth 
of the Denison House year by year: and Miss Davies of the 
Philadelphia House entertained us by an especially bright and 
illuminating report of their year's work in connection with city 
politics and the fiscal league, (a method of raising money). 

Following these reports were short talks by some Boston 
workers. Miss Bertha Hazard told us about her night work, and 
touched upon the Hemenway, of which she spoke to us last 
spring. Miss Driscoll, one of the Hemenway household, then 
told us briefly but with simple directness and pathos, the short 
history of her home, which in one short year proved that it could 
stand alone on a sound financial basis, and also be a delight- 
ful, real home. 

Mrs. Mary O'Sullivan described the Denison House girls' 
summer camp at Winchester which she has "mothered" for 
two years. 

No discussion of the work centering at the Denison House 
would be complete without mention of the increasing work 
with the Italians. Mr. Malgeri spoke effectively of his point of 
view, which Miss Scudder supplemented with a convincing re- 
port on what has already been accomplished and what they are 
hoping to do. The meeting was informally adjourned shortly 
before six o'clock. Ruth Carpenter, tqo8. 

Every Requisite for a. 

2)aint£ Xuncb 



55 to 6 i Summer Street, 

(Only one block from Washington St.) 


The very best musicians for Dances, Theatricals, Receptions, 
etc., etc Orchestration. 


Tel. Oxford 1978-3 I64A Tremont St., Boston 


From Nan Stocking, Wellesley, 1902, comes this call for books 
for her English classes in her school in Teheran, one of the 
very best schools for girls in Persia. Will anyone who has 
second-hand or duplicate copies of any of these books which 
she is willing to send, or anyone who is willing to buy one of 
these on the list to present to the school, come to the Christian 
Association office to see about plans for sending them, any 
morning -this week between 9 and 12, A.M. 

For the school library, 1 copy each: 

Selections from Dryden's poems. 

Selections from Pope's Poems. 



Lady of the Lake. 

Old Curiosity Shop. 

Tale of Two Cities. 

Burns' Poems. 

Tennyson's Poems. 

Longfellow's Poems. 

Whittier's Poems. 

Holmes' Poems. 
Additional Literature Books: 

1 Canterbury Tales. 

1 Fairie Queen. 

1 Selections from Milton. 

2 Vicar of Wakefield. 

3 Ancient Mariner. 

4 Selections from Tennyson. 

4 Selections from Longfellow, (Evangeline, etc.). 

4 Selections from Whittier. 

4 Irving's Sketch Book. 

4 Hawthorne's Short Stories. 

Probably these selections can be procured from the Riverside 
Literature Series in paper covers at fifteen cents each. Will 
anyone handing in second hand books see that they are in good 
condition. Anyone who wants to. send books for this library, 
but has no second hand books can give money instead and Miss 
Knapp will be glad to* see that books are bought. 


Dr. C. C. Creegan has made a recent tour around the world, 
and in "Life and Light for Women," he gives this testimony to 
the excellence of one of the hospitals in which we are most in- 
terested : 

"The best hospital, with one exception, which I visited in 
nearly seven thousand miles of travel through India and Ceylon, 
is the one under the efficient direction of Dr. Ruth Hume and 
Dr. Eleanor Stephenson at Ahmednagar. When I asked Dr. 
Robert Hume to let me see the wards on the second floor he 
said: 'My daughter has charge of this hospital, but in order 
that the Mohammedan and high-caste Hindu women might be 
free to come for treatment without fear of meeting men, I have 
never been up-stairs.' 

"The new and beautiful bungalow near the hospital furnishes 
a satisfactory home for these skilled physicians who are bring- 
ing the light of the gospel as well as the ministry of healing to 



of the hair and scalp, or for a good shampoo, or facial treatment, 
try Madam Gillespie. 

You will not only get first-class work, but will find quietness, 
privacy and refinement. 

It costs no more than you would pay for first-class work any- 
where. Send for circular on care of the hair. 


The Copley. 

18 Huntington Ave. 


In addition to notes concerning graduates, the Alumnae Col- 
umn will contain items of interest about members of the Faculty, 
past and present, and former students. 

The Worcester Wellesley Club held its annual luncheon at the 
Bay State House, Saturday, October 26th, with Miss Olive Davis 
as the guest of honor. A report of the proceedings will be given 
in the next issue of the Magazine. 

Miss Roxana Vivian, who is this year in charge of the Ameri- 
can College for Girls in Constantinople, makes a plea for help 
for one of the young Greek girls of the school, who lives across 
the Bosphorus, and is obliged now to make the trip across alone. 
Miss Vivian hopes to secure sufficient money to pay a part of 
her expenses so that she may board at the school. The school 
buildings can accommodate ninety-nine students, and there is a 
waiting list. 

Miss Clara F. Preston, 1889, who is teaching classics at the 
Nashua High School, is this year secretary of the New Hamp- 
shire Association of Classical Teachers. 

Mrs. Frances Lance Ferrero. 1SQ2, sends word of a change of 
address. Her husband was sent to look up a home for the es- 
tablishment of his new "Scientific Review," and Genoa. Milan 
and Turin have been the places investigated. The work was 
expected to be in hand by November first. 

Miss Harriet Pierce, 1888, Miss Jessie Goodwin. 1903. Miss 
Mary Blanche Downey. 1903. all teachers in Worcester, visited 
the college this last week. 

Mrs. Ernest W. Shepardson (Clara Palmer, 1899), may be ad- 
dressed at 31 Elm street, Wellesley Hills. Mass. 

At The Castle. Tarrytown. New York, are Miss Elizabeth 
Sherwood Lum, 1900, and Miss Georgina W. Sillcox, 1905, who 
is in the newly-created office of Registrar. Miss Elizabeth 
Camp. 1905, has just accepted the position of bookkeeper there. 

Miss Laura A. Hibbard, 1905, is teaching English Literature. 
and Miss Ethel Waxham. 1905. Latin, at the Kemper Hall 
School, Kenosha. Wisconsin. 

Miss Margaret E. Noyes, 1907. who is taking a course in 
nursing at the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, reports her 
duties hard, but very interesting. The probationers' class num- 
bers twenty-eight, including five college graduates. 

Miss Ruth White, 1907, sailed for Europe, August 10th, with 
Miss Mary Lee Cadwell, T906, expecting to stay through the 

Helen L. Daniels, 1905, is playing this season in Henrietta 
Crosman's Company of "The Christian Pilgrim," a dramatiza- 
tion of Bunyan's "Pilgrim's Progress." 

Miss Sallie Eustis, 1906. is studying law in the New York Law 
School . 

Miss Emily Callaway. 1906, is studying at Sargent's American 
Academy of Dramatic Art in New York. 

During the illness of Miss Sarah C. Weed, 1895, cne of the 
principals of the Laurens School, Bcstcn, Miss Clara S. Chase- 
1905, is teaching the classes in Mathematics. 


Mrs. Nettie I. Brougham. 1899. to 526 West 112th street. New 

Miss Alice M. Richard sen. 1890, 57 Brainerd avenue. Middle- 
town, Ccnn. 

Mrs. Walter P. Babscn (Olive L. Chapman, 1905), 161 7 West 
iith street, Los Angeles. Cal. 


1 . Elementary Courses for students who sometimes may 
be obliged to make investments «r handle trust funds. 

2. Advanced Courses for students who desire t« prepare 
as statisticians, librarians or clerks for banking houses. 

Financial and Economic Books of All Countries. 



We art no (ompilia; statistics for Marly all tie largest Bariia; Noises ii lit Uuted Slates aid Europe 
and *ill gladly give refereices if desired. 


Miss Elizabeth Louise Blakeslee, 1901, to Mr. Henry Durrell 
James of Pittsburg. 

Miss Paula Schoellkopf, formerly of 1900, to Mr. Gustav 
Reuss of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. 

Miss Helen L. Daniels, 1905. to Mr. Harold Brown, Lafayette 
College, 1905, of Glen Ridge, New Jersev. 

Miss Bertha C. Wetherbee, 1899, to Mr. Charles Ernstram of 


Yorse — Smousb. September 17, 1907. at Des Moines, 
Iowa, Miss Daisy Alberta Smouse, 1903, to Mr. Norman Terrill 
Vorse. At home at The Florentine, Des Moines. 

Steexstra — Roberts. September 26, 1907, at Corning, 
New York. Miss Elsie Van Tine Roberts, 1903, to the Rev. 
Frederick Henry Steenstra. At home. Emmanuel Church 
Rectorv. Manville, Rhode Island. 

Wood — Wintrixger. October 17, 1907. at Steubenville, 
Ohio. Miss Mary Wintringer, 1903. to Mr. George W. Wood. 
At home. 276 Walnut street. Morgantown. West Virginia. 

Herrick — Field. October 22. 1907. at Orange. Virginia, 
Miss Fanny Field. 1904. to Mr. Samuel Herrick. At home after 
December first, at Florence Court, Washington. 

Day — Currey. October 26, 1907, at Evanston, Illinois, 
Miss Rachel Currey, 1905, to Mr. Paul Dav. At home, Thurs- 
days in December, at Harvest Hill, Hopedale, Massachusetts. 

MacLeish — Moore. October 26, 1907. at Evanston, Illi- 
nois, Miss Elizabeth Jane Moore, 1006, to Mr. Bruce MacLeish. 
At home after January first. 2505 Hartrev avenue, Evanston. 

Shoxk — Knight. October 28, 1907, in Buffalo, New York, 
Miss Sallv Gertrude Knight, 1905. to Mr. Herbert Bronson 
Shonk. At home after the first of January in New York City. 


May T2, 1907. a second son. John Phillips, to Mrs. John H. 
Grant, (Margaret K. Hall, formerlv of 1900). 

May 29, 1907. a son, William Pitkin, to Mrs. Malcolm W. 
Wallace. (L. May Pitkin. 1805). 

July 20. 1907, a son, William Standish. Jr., to Mrs. W. S. 
Gavlord, (Mary Coonlev, 'qq). 

June 18. 1907. a daughter, Helen, to Mrs. George Bacon Wood, 
(Helen Foss, '94) ." ?r *'" 
pw^ DEATH. 

October 22, 1907. in Holliston. Massachusetts, Mrs. George 
B. Fiske, mother of Mrs. Florence Fiske Rawson, 1888. 

Dr. Mary E. Stephenson, who joined the Marathi Mission in 
1906, writes from Ahmednagar to her home church in Brooklyn 
of the appeal which she finds in her new work: 

"My heart aches at the thought of the endless, endless need 
here, and the magnificent self-denial and unselfishness of the 
missionaries. Perhaps after I have been here ten or twenty 
vears I shall be satisfied to go third-class on the train and wear 
my "Sunday hat" five or six years; but I am not there yet, al- 
though I am just about poverty stricken most of the time. 
If you all only could come out and see for yourselves,^ I am sure 
there would be some^genuine economy~practiced^ on'God's'be- 
half when you returned.^ 

"Dr. Ruth Hume went for a vacation leaving" me with the 
care of our hospital, its staff of servants and nurses, the dailv 
dispensary, and supervision of about five hundred girls.^I 
leave the bungalow at seven A.M., and am rarely back before 
noon. In some ways the dispensarv work is very discouraging, 
but in others very encouraging. For the past sbc weeks^we 
have opened it every day. and the daily attendance"eyen in F that 
little time has doubled, sometimes being three'times"as large'as 
in the corresponding day of last" year." Fpray'God'will give^the 
wisdom f one sorely needs in knowing' : how to' treat these women."